The central role of culture in understanding the processes of health, illness and healing is well acknowledged in the field of Public health. Traditional Medical anthropology has largely confined its inquiry into the community and their cultural characteristics as a way to understand the barriers in implementing public health programmes. In the current context, medical anthropology has transcend its inquiry into the process of knowledge production that takes place in the field of medicine and public health across different cultures including one's own, thereby developing a critical perspective which redefines the concepts of disease, healing systems and the role of technology making public health more relevant to those people involved.